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Av‡Mi Lei:
Aå mgq †P‡q‡Q-c‡ii ïbvbx 23 Ryb 2010

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Aåi Reve Ges †gv¯Ívdv ReŸv‡ii e³e¨:

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2| weRq-Gi KwcivBU, c¨v‡U›U I †UªWgvK©: weRq evsjv Kx‡evW© †jAvDU 1989 mv‡j KwcivBU wbewÜZ (†iwRt bs- 3575-Kcvi, ZvwiL 26 Ryb 1989 Bs Ges Gi wØZxq ms¯‹iY KwcivBU wbewÜZ nq 2004 mv‡j (†iwRt bs-8629-Kcvi, ZvwiL: 31 RyjvB 2004 Bs)
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KwcivBU AvBb 2000 (2005 mv‡j ms‡kvwaZ) Abymv‡i, aviv 2(8)(O) †Z KwcivBU j•NbKvix Abywjwci msÁv wn‡m‡e ejv n‡q‡Q, Ò3[(O) Kw¤úDUvi †cÖvMÖv‡gi †ÿ‡Î, †Kvb Kw¤úDUvi †cÖvMÖv‡gi m¤ú~Y© ev Askwe‡k‡li cybiærcv`b ev e¨envi|Ó GB msÁvq AZ¨šÍ cwi®‹vifv‡e ejv n‡q‡Q †h, †Kvb Kw¤úDUvi †cÖvMÖv‡gi †ÿ‡Î †mB †cÖvMÖv‡gi m¤ú~Y© ev Ask we‡kl cybivq Drcv`b Ki‡j ev e¨envi Ki‡j †mwU KwcivBU j•NbKvix Abywjwc n‡e| G‡ÿ‡Î Aå weRq-Gi Ask we‡kl cybiærcv`b Ki‡Q Ges wbe©vPb Kwgkbmn hviv Aå e¨envi Ki‡Q Zviv KwcivBU j•Nb Ki‡Q| AvB‡b Kw¤úUDUvi †cÖvMÖv‡gi msÁvI †`qv Av‡Q| G‡Z ejv Av‡Q, Kw¤úDUvi †cÖvMÖvg A_© cvV‡hvM¨ gva¨‡g hš¿mn, kã, ms‡KZ, cwi‡jL A_ev Ab¨ †Kvb AvKv‡i cÖKvwkZ wb‡`©kvejx hv Øviv Kw¤úDUvi‡K †Kvb we‡kl KvR Kiv‡bv ev ev¯Í‡e dj`vqK Kiv‡bv hvq|

Lye m½Z Kvi‡YB AvBbvbyMfv‡e weRq Kx‡evW©‡K BDwbweRq bv‡g Aå mdUIq¨v‡i e¨envi Kiv AvBbm½Z bq| †h‡nZz weRq-Gi Kx‡evW© I mdUIq¨vi wbewÜZ †m‡nZz GwU Av`vj‡Zi mvÿ¨ wn‡m‡eI MY¨ n‡e| AvB‡bi avivq Gfv‡e Zv ejv Av‡Q| Ò aviv 60(2) †Kvb K‡g©i KwcivB‡Ui †iwR‡÷ªkb mvwU©wd‡KU D³ K‡g©i KwcivBU _vKvi wel‡q ch©vß mvÿ¨ wnmv‡e MY¨ nB‡e Ges mvwU©wd‡K‡U †h e¨w³‡K KwcivB‡Ui ¯^Ë¡vwaKvix wnmv‡e †`Lv‡bv nBqv‡Q wZwb Hiƒc KwcivwB‡Ui ¯^Ë¡vwaKvix|Ó

Ab¨w`‡K Aå Qvov Avi †hme mdUIq¨vi †hgb †jLbx, cÖwkKv, cÖeZ©b, dvêyb BZ¨vw` †Kvb cwieZ©b QvovB weRq Kx‡evW© mivmwi e¨envi K‡i‡Q| evsjv‡`k Kw¤úDUvi KvDwÝj gvÎ wZbwU †evZvg e`j K‡i GKwU RvZxq Kx‡evW© ˆZix K‡i‡Q| Gi me¸‡jv G‡Kev‡i KwcivB‡Ui j•Nb| AvB‡b Kw¤úDUvi †cÖvMÖv‡gi KwcivBU j•N‡bi Rb¨ kvw¯Íi weavb Gfv‡e †`qv Av‡Q, Òaviv 84, hw` †Kvb e¨w³- (K) †Kvb Kw¤úDUvi †cÖvMÖvg Gi jswNZ Kwc Abywjwc Kwiqv †h †Kvb gva¨‡g cÖKvk, weµq ev GKvwaK Kwc weZiY K‡ib Zvnv n‡j wZwb Abya© Pvi ermi wKš‘ Abb~¨b Qq gv‡mi Kviv`‡Ð Ges Ab~a© Pvi jÿ UvKv wKš‘ Ab~¨b GK jÿ UvKvi A_©`‡Ð `wÐZ nB‡eb| (L) Kw¤úDUv‡i †Kvb jswNZ Kwc e¨envi K‡ib Zvnv B‡j wZwb Abya© wZb jÿ UvKv wKš‘ Ab~¨b GK jÿ UvKvi A_©`‡Ð `ÐYxq nB‡eb|Ó cÖ_‡gv³ `dvq hw` Aå‡K Awfhy³ Kiv hvq Z‡e wØZxq `dvq Awdhy³ Kiv hvq B‡jKkb Kwgkb‡K| AviI GKwU `dv Av‡Q hv‡Z BDGbwWwc‡K Awfhy³ Kiv hvq|

c¨v‡U›U: : weRq Gi evsjv †jLb c×wZi c¨v‡U›U i‡q‡Q| GB c¨v‡U›U Abymv‡i weRq w`‡q †hfv‡e evsjv †jLv nq †mwU bZzb Avwe®‹vi wn‡m‡e MY¨ n‡q‡Q| c¨v‡U›U I wWRvBb AvB‡b ejv n‡q‡Q, 12. (1) A patent sealed with the seal of the Department of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks shall, subject to the other provisions of this Act, confer on the patentee the exclusive privilege of making, selling and using the invention throughout Bangladesh and of authorizing others so to do. Gi d‡j weRq G e¨eüZ evsjv †jLbc×wZ Aå e¨envi Ki‡Z cv‡ibv| †h‡nZz Aå‡Z e¨eüZ BDwbweRq Kx‡evW© †jAvD‡U †mB c×wZ e¨eüZ n‡”Q †m‡nZz GwU c¨v‡U›U AvB‡biI j•Nb| evRv‡i Av‡M D‡jøwLZ †hme evsjv mdUIq¨vi i‡q‡Q †m¸‡jvi †ÿ‡ÎI c¨v‡U›U AvBb j•Nb Kivi Awf‡hvM Kiv m¤¢e| KviY, Zviv †Kej †h †jAvDU bKj K‡i‡Q Zv bq-Zviv weRq-Gi evsjv †jLvi c×wZI bKj K‡i‡Q|

GLv‡b AviI D‡jøL Kiv `iKvi †h AvB‡b c¨v‡U›U ejer nIqv wel‡qI weavb Av‡Q| G‡Z ejv n‡q‡Q †h,
, (1) An invention may, during the period between the date of an application for a patent therefor and the date of sealing a patent on that application, be used and published without prejudice to that patent, and such protection from the consequences of use and publication is in this Act referred to as provisional protection.
Gi A_© `vov‡”Q †hw`b weRq-Gi c¨v‡U›U AwaKvi PvIqv n‡q‡Q †mw`b †_‡KB c¨v‡U›U AwaKvi i‡q‡Q| d‡j 2007-08 mv‡ji K_v e‡j cvi cvevi †Kvb Dcvq †bB|

†UªWgvK©: weRq GKwU †UªWgvK© Kiv kã| GB m¤ú‡K© wek¦ †gavm¤ú` ms¯’vi e³e¨ n‡”Q: Trademark owners have right to prevent others from using the same or confusingly similar mark but cannot prevent others from making or selling the same good (obviously not yet patented) under a non confusing mark. GLv‡b BDwbweRq GKwU weåvwšÍKi kã hv w`‡q weRq-Gi KwcivBU I c¨v‡U›U j•Nb Kivi cvkvcvwk †UªWgvK©I j•Nb Kiv n‡q‡Q| Ab¨ mdUIq¨vi wbg©vZviv‡Zv weåvwšÍKi bq-mivmwi ‡UªWgvK© AvBb j•Nb K‡i‡Q|
(ˆ`wbK msev` Gi Rb¨)

XvKv, 23 GwcÖj 2010 \ †jLK Z_¨cÖhyw³we`, Kjvwg÷, †`‡ki cÖ_g wWwRUvj wbDR mvwf©m Avevm-Gi †Pqvig¨vb- mvsevw`K, weRq Kx‡evW© I mdUIq¨vi Ges wWwRUvj evsjv‡`k-Gi cÖ‡YZv \ B-†gBj: mustafajabbar@gmail.com, I‡qe‡cR: www.bijoyekushe.net



Aå wK cvB‡i‡UW mdUIq¨vi?
†gv¯Ívdv ReŸvi

ÒAå cvB‡i‡UW mdUIq¨viÓ Avgvi GB gšÍe¨wUi GKgvÎ KviY n‡”Q, GB mdUIq¨viwU‡Z BDwbweRq bvgK †h Kx‡evW©wU AšÍfz©³ Av‡Q Zvi eY© AskwU Avgvi KwcivBU I c¨v‡U›UK…Z weRq evsjv Kx‡evW© †jAvD‡Ui mv‡_ m¤ú~Y©fv‡e GK ev ûeû bKj|

weRq Kx‡evW© †jAvDU 1989 mvj †_‡K KwcivBU wbewÜZ Ges GwU 2004 mvj †_‡K c¨v‡U›UK…Z| weRq kãwUI K¬vk-9 †kÖYx‡Z †UªWgvK©K…Z| Gme †UªWgvK©, KwcivBU I c¨v‡U›U msµvšÍ mKj `wjjvw` †h †KD Avgvi Kv‡Q Dcw¯’Z n‡j †`L‡Z cv‡eb| e‡j ivLv fv‡jv, 2005 mv‡ji KwcivBU AvBb, 2009 mv‡ji †UªWgvK© AvBb Ges 1911 mv‡ji c¨v‡U›U AvBbmn AvšÍR©vwZK Pzw³-Kb‡fbkb I ixwZ †iIqvR Abymv‡i Avgvi AbygwZ e¨ZxZ †KD GB weRq Kx‡evW© †jAvDU-Gi m¤ú~Y© ev Ask we‡kl †Kv_vI hy³ Ki‡Z cv‡ibbv| m~Zivs whwb ev hvivB Zv‡`i mdUIq¨v‡i ev nvW©Iqv‡i weRq Kx‡evW© †jAvDU AšÍfz©³ Ki‡eb wZwb ev ZvivB cvB‡iwmi `v‡q Awfhy³ n‡eb| Aå‡K †mB Awf‡hv‡M Awfhy³ Kiv n‡q‡Q|

GB Awf‡hv‡Mi evB‡i Aå, I‡cb †mvm© ev I‡cb †mvm© Nivbvi †Kvb mdUIq¨vi ev e¨w³i weiæ‡× Avgvi wKQzB ejvi †bB-†Kvb Awf‡hvMI †bB| weRq Avwg ˆZix K‡iwQ, bvwK Ab¨ †KD K‡i‡Q Zvi ReveI Gme cÖZ¨qY †_‡KB Rvbv hv‡e|

Kx‡ev‡W©i †jAvDU c¨v‡U›U ev KwcivBU nq wKbv †mB cÖ‡kœi Reve Avwg †`‡evbv| miKvi †`‡e| KviY G¸‡jv †iwR÷ªvi Ae KwcivBU Ges †iwR÷ªvi Ae c¨v‡U›U wWRvBb I †UªWgvK©m †_‡K †`qv n‡q‡Q| AvBb Abymv‡i GB cÖZ¨q‡bi weiæ‡× Avcxj Kivi mgqI AwZµvšÍ n‡q‡Q| e‡j ivLv fv‡jv weRq-Gi KwcivBU n‡q‡Q û‡mBb gyn¤§` Gikv‡`i Avg‡j Ges c¨v‡U›U n‡q‡Q †eMg Lv‡j`v wRqvi Avg‡j| †kL nvwmbvi Av‡Mi ev eZ©gvb kvmbKv‡j GB welqK †Kvb wm×všÍ nqwb|

mywcwiwqi B‡jKUªwb· bvgK GKwU cÖwZôvb G wel‡q Avgvi weiæ‡× gvgjv K‡iwQ‡jv Ges Av`vjZ weRq Kx‡ev‡W©i KwcivBU Avgvi- †mB ivq w`‡q‡Q| mywcwiwqi †mB iv‡qi weiæ‡× Avcxj K‡iwb Ges c¨v‡U›U nevi ci RvZxq ivR¯^ †evW©I weRq Kx‡ev‡W©i c¨v‡U›U ¯^Ë¡ ejer Kivi Rb¨ wb‡`©k w`‡q Zv ejer K‡i‡Q| m~Zivs GwU †Kvb weZ‡K©i welq bq| Dciš‘ Avwg hw` Aå‡K cvB‡i‡UW mdUIq¨vi e‡j Zvi gvbnvwb K‡i _vwK Z‡e Av`vj‡Z Avgvi weiæ‡× wmAviwcwmi 500 Ges 501 avivq gvgjv n‡Z cv‡i Ges Avwg hw` cÖgvY Ki‡Z bv cvwi †h, Aå weRq AšÍfz©³ K‡i cvB‡iwm K‡iwb, Z‡e Avgvi kvw¯Í n‡e| Gici cvVK-cvwVKviv wb‡RivB wm×všÍ †b‡eb Aå cvB‡i‡UW wKbv? ( ˆ`wbK cÖ_g Av‡jv, 23 GwcÖj 2010)



†gavi myiÿv, g~j¨ I ¯^xK…wZ PvB
†gv¯Ívdv ReŸvi

Avwg aviYv Kwi GB †jLvwU cvV K‡i AviI wKQz †jvK ev Av‡M hviv Mvwj w`‡qwQ‡jb ZvivB bZzb K‡i Avgv‡K AviI wKQz bZzb Mvwj †`‡eb| Mvwj †`evi KviY n‡e-Avwg Zv‡`i B”Qv Abyhvqx cvB‡iwm‡K mg_©b KiwQbv| Zviv hvi †gavm¤ú` Lywk Pzwi K‡i e¨envi Ki‡e Zv‡KI mg_©b KiwQbv| wKš‘ Zvic‡iI †gav¯^Ë¡ msiÿY I m„wó Kivi jovB †_‡K Avwg m‡i `vov‡evbv| GB NUbvi ïiæUv Gfv‡e: MZ 4 GwcÖj 2010 XvKvi ˆ`wbK RbK‡É GKzk kZK Kjv‡g Aå, wbe©vPb Kwgkb I BDGbwWwc‡K wb‡q wKQz K_v ejv n‡q‡Q| †mB †jLvwUi Rev‡e Aå-Gi ÔRbKÕ Rbve †g‡n`x nvmvb Lvb GKwU eøM wj‡L‡Qb| MZ 23 GwcÖ‡ji ˆ`wbK cÖ_g Av‡jv‡Z Avgvi e³‡e¨i cvkvcvwk ZviI GKwU e³e¨ Qvcv n‡q‡Q| Gi evB‡iI A‡b‡KB eøM wj‡L‡Qb, †gBj K‡i‡Qb, ÷¨vUv‡m wj‡L‡Qb| †Kvb †Kvb eøM mivmwi Aå‡K mg_©b K‡i‡Q| †KD †KD Akøxj fvlvq Avgv‡K MvwjMvjvR K‡i‡Qb| †KD †KD Avgvi Qwe‡K weK…Z K‡i‡Qb-KvUz©Y evwb‡q‡Qb Ges hv Lywk ZvB wj‡L‡Qb| Avwg aviYv Kwi, GB Ae¯’v AviI †ek wKQzw`b Ae¨vnZ _vK‡e| ¯§iY Ki‡Z cvwi †h, Kvh©Z GwU bZzb †Kvb NUbv bq| Gi Av‡MI Avgv‡K Akøxj fvlvq MvwjMvjvR Kiv n‡q‡Q| fwel¨‡ZI n‡e, †mRb¨ Avwg cÖ¯‘Z| Z‡e me‡P‡q ¸iæZ¡c~Y© welq n‡”Q welqwUi Mfx‡i hvIqv| Avwg cÖ‡kœvËi AvKv‡i cÖ‡qvRbxq cÖkœ¸‡jvi e¨vL¨v w`‡Z PvB|

K. Aå-i weiæ‡× g~j Awf‡hvMwU wK-mdUIq¨vi wewµ wK Aciva? Aå bvgK GKwU evsjv mdUIq¨vi GLbKvi w`‡bi A‡b‡KB e¨envi K‡ib| aviYv Kiv nq, cÖavbZ Kg eqwm gvby‡liv B›Uvi‡b‡U BDwb‡KvW c×wZ‡Z †jLvi Rb¨ GB mdUIq¨viwU e¨envi K‡i _v‡Kb| whwb GB mdUIq¨viwU D™¢veb K‡i‡Qb wZwb `vex K‡ib †h, GwU GKwU I‡cb‡mvm© mdUIq¨vi| Z‡e evsjv‡`k I‡cb †mvm© †bUIqvK© G‡K I‡cb †mvm© mdUIq¨vi g‡b K‡ibv (Igi wknv‡ei eøM †`Lyb) Aå evRviRv‡Zi A_© n‡”Q, GwU weYvg~‡j¨ weZiY Kiv nq Ges GwU e¨envi Kivi Rb¨ D™¢vebKvixi KvQ †_‡K †Kvb jvB‡mÝ †Kbvi cÖ‡qvRb †bB| Avwg GB D‡`¨vM‡K ¯^vMZ RvbvB| Avwg wb‡RI evsjv mdUIq¨vi ˆZix K‡iwQ| wKš‘ wb‡Ri †cU Pjv I hviv GB mdUIq¨vi evbv‡Z Avgvi Aax‡b PvKzix K‡i Zv‡`i †eZb †`Iqvmn Ab¨vb¨ Li‡Pi Rb¨ Avwg weYvg~‡j¨ GB mdUIq¨vi w`‡Z cvwibv| 1987-88 mvj †_‡K 1993 mvj ch©šÍ †gwK‡›Uvm Kw¤úDUv‡i GwU Avwg weYvg~‡j¨ cÖ`vb KiZvg| mv‡_ `yR‡bi cÖwkÿYI weYvg~‡j¨ w`Zvg| ZLb Kw¤úDUv‡ii KvW©Iq¨vi wewµ K‡i Gi Dbœq‡bi e¨q enb KiZvg| wKš‘ c‡i nvW©Iq¨v‡ii e¨emv †Q‡o †`evi ci Avwg weRq-Gi jvB‡mÝ wewµ Kwi| GwU wbðqB Avgvi AÿgZv| Aå ˆZix K‡i †g‡n`x mv‡ne Aek¨B GKwU fv‡jv KvR K‡i‡Qb Ges wbðqB RbMY Zv‡Z DcK…Z n‡”Q| Avwg Zv‡K c~Rbxq †`eZv g‡b Kwi| Ggb gvbyl KqRb `ywbqv‡Z Avv‡Q, whwb wb‡Ri kÖg‡K A‡b¨i Rb¨ w`‡Z cv‡ib! Avwg nZfvMvI hw` LvIqv civi wbðqZv †cZvg-e¨v‡¼i FY †kva, gv‡qi wPwKrmvi UvKv, mšÍv‡bi covi LiP, †eŠ-Gi Bb‡RKk‡bi UvKv ev wb‡R‡`i Bbmywjb †Kbvi A_© †cZvg wKsev ivóª ev mgvR hw` Avgvi wbivcËv w`‡Z cvi‡Zv Z‡e wb‡Ri kÖgUvI Gfv‡eB w`‡Z cviZvg| Ab¨ †Kvb PvKix evKix ev e¨emv Ki‡Z cvi‡j wb‡Ri †gavUv Ifv‡e Kv‡R jvMv‡Z cviZvg| wKš‘ †mwU nevi bq| nqwb| mevi Øviv mewKQz nqbv| Avgvi ØvivI GLb Avi weYvg~‡j¨ mdUIq¨vi †`qv nq‡Zv n‡ebv| ZvB Avwg †Kvbfv‡eB PvBbv †h, †gnw` mv‡neiv Zv‡`i Ggb wbt¯^v_© KvR †_‡K weiZ _vKzb| wKš‘ Avgvi Aby‡ivawU n‡”Q- Ggb GKwU fv‡jv Kv‡Ri gv‡S cvB‡iwmi welqUv hy³ bv Ki‡j wK nq? Aå bvgK evsjv †jLvi mdUIq¨viwU‡Z weRq Kx‡evW©‡K Avgvi AbywgZ e¨ZxZ BDwbweRq bv‡g AšÍf©y³ Kiv n‡q‡Q| †g‡nw` mv‡ne wj‡L‡Qb †h, wZwb weRq AšÍfz©³ Kivi Rb¨ Avgvi Kv‡Q AbygwZ †P‡qwQ‡jb Ges Avwg UvKv †P‡qwQ| GwU GK`g mZ¨ K_v| Avwg UvKv KvgvB Kivi Rb¨B weRq Avwe®‹vi K‡iwQ| Avgvi gv‡S †Kvb gnË¡ †bB| Avwg †`eZv n‡Z PvBwb| Avwg Rvwb †mwU Avwg n‡Z cvi‡evbv| Avwg GKRb mdUIq¨vi e¨emvqx Ges mdUIq¨vi wk‡íi weKv‡ki Rb¨ Avwg wb‡R cÖvbcb †Póv Kwi| h‡Zv †ewk `v‡g cvwi †mB `vg w`‡q mdUIq¨vi †ePvi †Póv Kwi| miKvi GB e¨emv‡K DrmvwnZ Kivi Rb¨ A‡bK cÖ‡bv`bvmn Ki AeKvk w`‡q‡Q| Avwg †mB my‡hvMI MÖnY Kwi| weYvg~‡j¨ †Kvb mdUIq¨vi ev †mev †`qv n‡e †mwU Avwg KLbI fvwebv| gy³evRvi A_©bxwZ‡Z Avwg †Zgb KvR Kivi K_v ¯^‡cœI †`wLbv| hw` ZvB KiZvg Z‡e KwcivBU ev c¨v‡U›U KiZvg bv|

wKš‘ †g‡nw` mv‡ne Avgvi AbygwZ bv †c‡q †h KvRwU K‡i‡Qb †mwU Avgvi cQ›` nqwb| †g‡n`x nvmvb Lv‡bi g‡Z, weRq †_‡K BDwbweRq Kivi mgq wZwb G‡Z 8wU cwieZ©b K‡i‡Qb| AvwgI †mB cwieZ©b¸‡jv †`‡LwQ| wKš‘ Zv‡ZI Avgvi †gav¯^‡Ë¡i j•Nb n‡q‡Q| KviY g~j Kx‡ev‡W© †Kvb cwieZ©b †bB| ZvQvov Gi d‡j Avgvi c¨v‡U›U AwaKviI j•Nb Kiv n‡q‡Q| Aå mdUIq¨v‡ii Ab¨ †Kvb welq ev †cÖwÿZ wb‡q Avgvi †Kvb gšÍe¨ †bB|

L. wbe©vPb Kwgkb I BDGbwWwci mv‡_ cvB‡iwmi wK m¤úK©? wbe©vPb Kwgkb‡K wb‡q GLb wKQz K_v ej‡Z cviwQ| wKš‘ hLb Zviv Avgvi †gav¯^Ë¡ j•Nb ïiæ K‡i ZLb Avgv‡K Kwgk‡bi mwPe n~gvq~b Kwei mv‡ne Zvi Ni †_‡K cÖvq Zvwo‡q w`‡qwQ‡jb| KviY wZwb ZLb fxlY ÿgZvevb †jvK| †mbvevwnbx Zvi †cQ‡b wQ‡jv| †mB `vc‡U wbe©vPb Kwgkb ÔAåÕ bvgK mdUIq¨vi w`‡q weRq Kx‡evW© e¨envi K‡i‡Q Ges BDGbwWwc weRq Kx‡ev‡W©i nvW©Iq¨vi wK‡b w`‡q †mB cvB‡iwm‡K mnvqZv K‡i‡Q| †KD †KD g‡b K‡ib †h, A_© w`‡q weRq mdUIq¨vi bv wK‡b wbe©vPb Kwgkb †`‡ki wekvj A_© mvkÖq K‡i‡Qb| wKš‘ Zviv wK Rv‡bb weRq wKb‡Z Zv‡`i K‡Zv UvKv jvM‡Zv| AwZ bMb¨ nv‡Z †Mvbv wKQz UvKv|A_P ZvivB †KvwU †KvwU UvKv w`‡q AvOz‡ji Qvc hvPvB Kivi we‡`wk mdUIq¨vi wK‡b‡Q|

M. BDwbweRq wK weR‡qi bKj? Aå mdUIq¨v‡i BDwbweRq †jAvDU bv‡g †h †jAvDU hy³ Kiv n‡q‡Q Zv‡Z bvwK 8wU cv_©K¨ Av‡Q| †KD hw` BDwbweRq †jAvDU †`‡Lb Z‡e †`L‡Z cv‡eb †h Zv‡Z †cUKvUv e, wemM©, P›`ªwe›`y, LÛ Z, †v, †Š Ggbme cÖvq Ae¨eüZ evsjv eY©‡K weRq †jAvD‡Ui mv‡_ wfbœ Kiv n‡q‡Q| evsjv g~j eY©¸‡jv hvi e¨envi kZKiv 99 fvM Zvi †Kvb cwieZ©b Kiv nqwb| GwU GRb¨ †h, Gme †ÿ‡Î cwieZ©b Kiv n‡j weRq Kx‡ev‡W© Af¨¯Í e¨enviKvixiv GwU e¨envi Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv| wbe©vPb Kwgkb GB KvRwU ¯úó K‡i w`‡q‡Q evRvi †_‡K BDGbwWwci gva¨‡g weRq Kx‡evW© †jAvDU gyw`ªZ Kx‡evW© wK‡b †m¸‡jv Qwemn †fvUvi ZvwjKvi WvUv Gw›Uªi Kv‡R e¨envi Kivi ga¨ w`‡q| cÖm½Z Avwg KwcivBU AvBb 2005 Ges c¨v‡U›U AvBb 1911 Gi cÖwZ `„wó AvKl©Y Ki‡Z cvwi| mswkøó AvB‡b AZ¨šÍ ¯úófv‡e †Kvb †gav¯^Ë¡ ev Zvi Ask we‡kl Ges Avwe®‹v‡ii cÖwµqv‡K †gav¯^‡Ë¡i j•Nb e‡j mbv³ Kiv n‡q‡Q| hviv G wel‡q K_v ej‡Qb Zv‡`i‡KB Avwg `yÕwU AvBb fv‡jvfv‡e cvV Kivi Rb¨ Aby‡iva KiwQ|

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N. KwcivBU I †gav¯^Ë¡ cÖZ¨qb K‡i‡Q †K? eøM, †gBj, ¯ú¨vUvm BZ¨vw` †_‡K Avwg GwU wbwðZ n‡qwQ †h, welqUv wP‡j Kvb wb‡q †M‡Q GiKg n‡q‡Q| weRq Kx‡ev‡W©i KwcivBU 1989 mv‡j †`qv nq Ges †mwU w`‡q‡Q †iwRóªvi Ae KwcivBU| weRq Kx‡ev‡W©i c¨v‡U›U 2004 mv‡j †`qv nq Ges †mwU w`‡q‡Q †iwRóªvi Ae †UªW gvK©m, c¨v‡U›U I wWRvBb| KwcivBU ev c¨v‡U›U hw` mwVKfv‡e †`qv bv n‡q _v‡K Z‡e mswkøó `߇i cÖwZev` Kiv evÃbxq| Avwg‡Zv †gav¯^‡Ë¡i AwaKvix| Avwg miKv‡ii †`qv AwaKvi cÖwZôv Kivi jovB KiwQ gvÎ|

O. Kx‡evW© wK KwcivBU ev c¨v‡U›U nq? A‡b‡KB Lye Av‡eMgq fvlvq wj‡L‡Qb, evsjv wb‡q e¨emv Kivi e¨vcv‡i| mv‡_ eiKZ, mvjvg, iwdK ReŸv‡ii (†gv¯Ívdv ReŸv‡ii bq) bvgI hy³ Kiv n‡q‡Q| GgbI ejv n‡q‡Q †h, evsjv †jLvi Kx‡evW© c¨v‡U›U nq wKfv‡e| mK‡ji AeMwZi Rb¨ Rvbvw”Q †h, Kx‡evW© cÖ_g c¨v‡U›U nq 1878 mv‡j| eZ©gv‡b cÖPwjZ QWERTY Kx‡evW©wU c¨v‡U›U nq †mv‡jm Gi bv‡g| The keyboard arrangement was considered important enough to be included on Sholes' patent granted in 1878, some years after the machine was into production. (Source: http://www.ideafinder.com/history/inventions/qwerty.htm)

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weRq †K ˆZix K‡i‡Q? eøM I Ab¨vb¨ †ÿ‡Î GB cÖkœI †Zvjv n‡q‡Q †h weRq †K ˆZix K‡i‡Q| cvVK cvwVKv‡`i‡K Avwg Rvbv‡Z PvB 1987 mv‡ji 16 †g Avwg cÖ_g evsjv cwÎKv Kw¤úDUv‡i K‡¤úvR K‡i cÖKvk Kwi, hvi d›U wQ‡jv KwjKvZvi Ges Kx‡evW© ˆZix K‡iwQ‡jb ˆmq` gvBbyj †nv‡mb| 1988 mv‡ji 16 wW‡m¤^i †gwK‡›Uvm Kw¤úDUv‡ii Rb¨ Avwg weRq cÖKvk Kwi hvi Kx‡evW© I d›U wQ‡jv Avgvi ˆZix Ges †cÖvMÖvgwU ˆZix K‡iwQ‡jb fvi‡Zi †`‡e›`ª †Rvwk| 1992 mv‡j Gi wØZxq ms¯‹iY cÖKvwkZ nq †hwUi †cÖvMÖvg wj‡LwQ‡jv †Mvjvg dviæK Avn‡g`| Zvi †bZ…‡Z¡i GKwU Uxg 1993 mv‡ji 26 gvP© cÖKvwkZ weRq Gi DB‡ÛvR ms¯‹iY ˆZix K‡i| Zvi mv‡_ wbqvR gyn¤§` I Kvgiæ¾vgvb bvgK AviI `yRb †cÖvMÖvgvi wQ‡jv| 1999 mv‡j †cÖvMÖvwgs-Gi KvR K‡i Kvgiæ¾vgvb| 2000 mv‡j †cÖvMÖvwgs-Gi KvR K‡i gwbiæj Av‡ew`b cvàb| 2004 mv‡j KvR K‡i widvZ Db bex| GLb KvR Ki‡Q iRe, bv›Uz, Zvnv, †i‡bmvmn GKwU †ek eo `j| Z‡e e‡j ivLv fv‡jv, ïay †KvW †jLvUvB weRq bq| weRq mdUIq¨v‡ii mv‡_ d›U Av‡Q, UvB‡cvMÖvwd Av‡Q, †jAvDU Av‡Q, wWRvBb Av‡Q, wb‡`©wkKv Av‡Q| GLb‡Zv d‡›UiI †cÖvMÖvwgs Ki‡Z nq-KviY BDwb‡KvW d›U ïaygvÎ wWRvBb bq| Avwg Aå‡K †h KwcivBU I c¨v‡U›U wb‡q AvcwË K‡iwQ †mwU weRq Kx‡evW©| Ges H Kx‡evW©wU Avgvi g‡Zv GKwU AwZ mvaviY †jv‡Ki gv_v †_‡KB G‡m‡Q| GB gv_vq †Kvb Askx`vi †bB|

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XvKv, 23 GwcÖj 2010 \ †jLK Z_¨cÖhyw³we`, Kjvwg÷, †`‡ki cÖ_g wWwRUvj wbDR mvwf©m Avevm-Gi †Pqvig¨vb- mvsevw`K, weRq Kx‡evW© I mdUIq¨vi Ges wWwRUvj evsjv‡`k-Gi cÖ‡YZv \ B-†gBj t mustafajabbar@gmail.com, I‡qe‡cR: www.bijoyekushe.net



wWwRUvj evsjv‡`k Ges †gavm¤ú` m„wó I iÿv
†gv¯Ívdv ReŸvi

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XvKv, 23 GwcÖj 2010 \ †jLK Z_¨cÖhyw³we`, Kjvwg÷, †`‡ki cÖ_g wWwRUvj wbDR mvwf©m Avevm-Gi †Pqvig¨vb- mvsevw`K, weRq Kx‡evW© I mdUIq¨vi Ges wWwRUvj evsjv‡`k-Gi cÖ‡YZv \ B-†gBj t mustafajabbar@gmail.com, I‡qe‡cR: www.bijoyekushe.net